The UA Blog

Ghostly molecules lead to scientific advancements at UC Berkeley

Chemists at University of California, Berkeley have been surprised recently as their new technique for taking snapshots of molecules with atomic precision showed up chemicals that shouldn’t be visible. Due to reactions taking place often within a trillionth of a second, the steps in these reactions are expected to happen much too quickly for scientists to observe.

However, in the process of taking snapshots of two molecules reacting on the surface of a catalyst, the team at UC Berkeley managed to find intermediate structures lasting for the time required to take the photo. Usually, only lasers firing in femtosecond bursts (every one quadrillionth of a second) can capture the molecular structures which form when a chemical reaction is taking place.

The visibility of these “ghostly molecules” means that there are new possibilities for chemists to make their reactions faster or more efficient. It could also lead to the building of new molecules which have never been seen before. These developments could impact many fields of the science world, especially if chemists can use them to improve catalytic reactions.

Attempts are currently being made at UC Berkeley to do just this. An Assistant Professor in their Department of Chemistry, Felix Fischer, has used this newfound knowledge to make a molecule that has long been predicted but was never able to be realised until now. He has also begun the process of building a toolbox to help design or improve catalytic reactions which are integral to the chemical industry.

Fischer cites this kind of progress as an advancement for scientists, saying, “This is an example of why it is important to understand what is happening on these surfaces, and how you can use this understanding to access structures and reactivities that are not accessible with the standard tools we have right now.”

The Undergraduate Awards:
UA is proud to be partnered with universities who have groundbreaking research occurring on their campuses. We believe it is important to also recognise the achievements happening at an undergraduate level in universities and colleges across the world. Submit today for the opportunity to make your work go further and potentially win an academic award.


Other co-authors of the Nature Chemistry paper are Alexander Riss, Sebastian Wickenburg, Hsin-Zon Tsai, Aaron Bradley, Miguel Ugeda, Han Sae Jung and Patrick Gorman of UC Berkeley, Alejandro Pérez Paz of the Universidad del País Vasco in Spain and Dimas G. De Oteyza of the Donostia International Physics Center in San Sebastián, Spain.

The work was funded by the Department of Energy, Office of Naval Research, European Research Council and Grupos Consolidados UPV/EHU del Gobierno Vasco.

 

Alumni Questionnaire: Organising Your Study Space

Happy Friday, everyone! It’s the end of another week and that means more results from our alumni questionnaire. Since a lot of students are in the middle of exams right now, this week’s topic is organising your study space. The alumni came back to us with many different options for the perfect study session along with some reliable favourites.

  1. Find good lighting: Being in a dark corner isn’t likely to make you feel positive towards your studies. Find somewhere that will get at least a little sun or has bright lighting. Natural light is always better but anything that prevents you sitting in a drab environment is beneficial.
  2. Make it tidy and spacious: For a lot of us, it’s difficult to work in a cramped or messy area. Take a few minutes to clean up your space so it’s a pleasant location to work in. Make it somewhere that you’re relatively happy to sit for several hours of your day.
  3. Choose the perfect chair: Ideally, your study chair should be as comfortable and supportive as possible. During exam and essay season, you’re going to spending a lot of time sitting in that seat so make it the right one for you.
  4. Check you have all the right stationary: The last thing you need when you’re in the swing of studying is for it to come to a halt because you’re missing something small but crucial. Do a quick check that you’re prepared with whatever stationary you’ll require and if you’re using a laptop, keep the charger close to your desk.
  5. Bring textbooks: Take a moment and think about any research you might have to do. Getting up every few minutes to go in search of the book that has just the right quote isn’t the most productive academic style. Pile up all the books you could need for the topics you’re focusing on somewhere close to your study space so you can keep your mind focused.

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6. Music: Not everyone works best with music but if you like a bit of background noise, consider what type of music is going to be the least distracting. For many it’s instrumental or classical but it could be acoustic songs or simply a playlist of very familiar music. Anything that will keep you concentrating is a good choice.

7. Clear the space: The unnecessary things around you are going to be what distract you when you’re working. Before you start, remove whatever you don’t need. You’ll likely have enough study materials piled up so get rid of that unnecessary clutter. Even better, get an app to block social media and other time consuming website while you’re working.

8. Search for silence: Well, maybe not quite silence but do try to find somewhere with as little disturbance as possible. Particularly keep away from places that you’re likely to be interrupted or distracted by other people.

9. Prepare drinks: You need to keep hydrated to maintain that focus. Some people need the caffeine boost to keep going but coffee is not the best for positive concentration. Herbal teas or water are preferable options for a calm study session.

10. Choose wherever works for you: From people who like the classic desk environment to the students who sit on their bed and the ones who need to move from place to place, everyone has their own opinion about where the ideal study location is. The most important thing is deciding what works best for you!

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The Undergraduate Awards:

As you’re getting those final assignments in or even receiving the results, why not also enter them to the Undergraduate Awards? Remember you can submit up to three papers or projects!

Tips for 2016 UA Submissions

We’ve already given you the tips from our alumni about how to finalise your UA submissions. Now we’re going to give you a few pointers from the UA team!

  1. Remember you can submit up to three papers – Many people will have one paper that they think is the best work they’ve produced, particularly if they have just finished a final year project. That’s wonderful and we always encourage you to submit the work you’re proud of but why not take advantage of being able to submit three papers? All it can do is increase your chances.
  2. Recommend UA to a friend – If you’re not submitting to the same category, you won’t be in competition with each other. Plus you could end up attending our annual summit in Dublin with a friend if you’re both successful.
  3. Don’t necessarily wait until the deadline – This can be a busy time of year for people so we recommend for people to get their submissions in as soon as possible. If you’re submitting final projects or getting results of papers at the moment, why not submit them to UA at the same time? Then it’s one less thing to have on your mind.
  4. Look at our past journals and art exhibition if you’re stuck on deciding what to submit – Your submission doesn’t always have to be your highest graded project, it can be the one you’re most proud of or one that you feel has that little something different. Get some inspiration from our past journals or last year’s Aligned art exhibition.
  5. Try not to stress too much about choosing a category – From what we’ve seen, you know your papers the best so your instincts are most likely the right choice. Consider who you’ll be competing against, who will be judging the category and what department is awarding your degree. After that, commit to the most suitable of our 25 categories and trust your selection.
  6. Make sure you’re anonymous – Take a quick look at our anonymity requirements and consider our tips for ensuring your submission doesn’t give you away. You don’t want something like forgetting to remove your name to be the thing that prevents you from winning.
  7. Graduates can also submit – Remember you can submit if you graduated in 2015 along with penultimate and final year students. Don’t rule yourself out automatically just because you’re a graduate.
  8. Make sure you’re within the word count – Yes, footnotes do count but abstract, bibliography and appendices do not. Do check what the word count for your category is because it is taken into consideration by the UA team.
  9. Check the type of document that you’re submitting – Submit in PDF (.pdf) or Word Document (.docx) format – we need to be able to check your document for anonymity, word count, etc. Please don’t scan up a copy of your paper.
  10. It’s easy to submit – Don’t build it up or get too stressed about it, just upload your paper and we’ll take care of the rest!

Alumni Questionnaire: Beating Procrastination

It’s week two of our alumni questionnaire results and this week we’re tackling procrastination. At this time of year, procrastination is the last thing students need and the alumni came back to us with their tips for getting through it to finish those assignments.

  1. Breaks are necessary – Trying to power through and get everything done might work for a small number of people but for most of us, it’ll lead to being burnt out. That just means more procrastination down the line as you try to get the energy to study. Make sure to take regular breaks away from your workspace, stay hydrated and go back to it when you’re refreshed.
  2. Reward yourself – Commit to getting your work done with the knowledge you can do something you enjoy guilt-free at the end of it.
  3. To-do lists – Ticking something off a list as finished can be incredibly rewarding, and it gives you a plan of how to get all of your assignments done. Even better if you can set rough times or dates as guidelines for yourself.
  4. Location, location, location – Study at a place which allows you to concentrate as much as possible. For some people that could be the library but it could also be the local coffee shop, your bedroom or even outdoors if the weather is good enough.
  5. Do anything – Sometimes it’s all about getting started. One respondent recommended telling yourself that you’re only going to work for 25 minutes and then reevaluating. A lot of the time you’ll find you’re already settled into the zone of being productive.
  6. Turn your phone off – This applies to phone distractions but also to social media. There are apps out there to block certain websites for a set amount of time. If you find yourself endlessly scrolling through social media or checking your messages, this might be a good tip for you.
  7. Set manageable goals – There’s no point in setting yourself three days work to be done in an afternoon. You’ll end up disappointed and potentially uninspired to get more completed the next day. Make sure you’re only setting yourself what you can actually do and taking a break after that.
  8. Don’t guilt yourself for procrastinating – Sometimes it’s just one of those days or you need a couple of hours before you can get around to studying. Don’t make yourself feel bad, just make sure you commit to it when you can focus.
  9. Get fresh air – Even a short stroll down the street can make all the difference in refreshing your mind with a new perspective and helping you get back to it after your break.
  10. Enjoy your work space – Set up a designated area to get your assignments done. Try to make it a tidy, pleasant place to be but also have it be a space you can step away from when you’re done if possible.

Despite these great tips from our alumni, sometimes you just can’t get in the zone. If you are taking a break or trying to avoid studying, make it productive procrastination by entering the coursework you’ve already completed to The Undergraduate Awards right here. You never know, maybe that bit of inescapable procrastination will win you an academic award!

Alumni Questionnaire: Finalising UA Submissions

The questionnaire results are in! We surveyed our alumni and we’re going to bring you some of the interesting information we found out over the next few weeks. This week it’s all about our favourite tips from our alums on how to finalise your submissions for the Undergraduate Awards.

  1. Don’t underestimate yourself – Many past Winners and Highly Commended applicants never expected that they’d win a programme like UA. If you’re getting good grades, it’s definitely worth taking a chance.
  2. Give in more than one submission – A couple of our alumni expressed regret for not handing in three submissions when they had the opportunity. Not all of the winning papers are a thesis or final year project so why not increase your chances by sending in multiple papers?
  3. Proofread – A lot of respondents came back on the questionnaire saying they’ve since noticed frustrating errors on their submissions. Make sure you read it a couple of times or get somebody else to read your paper before sending it our way.
  4. Be original and submit something you’re proud of – Not everything has to be your highest graded paper. We appreciate if they’re of a II.1 or upward standard but it’s better if it’s also a paper or project that stands out to you.
  5. Don’t change it too much – Spend a little bit of time going through and editing your paper if you think it can be improved but try not to overthink it. Have confidence in your work and get it submitted.
  6. Ask somebody to read it for you – Whether it’s getting some extra feedback from a professor or asking a friend to read your paper, it’s always good to have a fresh set of eyes.
  7. Dedicate some time to the abstract – The abstract is the first impression anyone will have of your submission. It should be a succinct summary or synopsis to give the judges an idea of the purpose of your paper.
  8. Check the criteria – Have a look at the submission guide and the eligibility criteria. It’s such a shame to have high quality work but not get to the judging stage because of word count or anonymity issues. It only takes a couple of minutes to check these things but it could make all the difference.
  9. Don’t wait until the day of the deadline – It’s an easy process so if you have course work completed, why not get it in now? Anything that can be done quickly and easily during this busy time of the year is a plus.
  10. Just submit, you could be the next winner!

That last one is the tip we heard most in the questionnaire. Participation in UA only benefits you so it’s worth the few minutes it takes to submit. If you’re ready to get a paper in now, you can do that right here or any time before the May 31st deadline.

Submissions and Anonymity

Let’s talk about anonymity. Many undergrads are entering work that they’re proud of to UA as we approach the June 14th deadline and we’re excited to have those submissions coming in. It’s always such a shame when we see great quality work that can’t advance to our judges because of a lack of anonymity. So we’re going to give you some brief guidelines to make sure your work is anonymous.

The Undergraduate Awards prides itself on awarding academic work without bias. That means we have to be a little firm on making sure there’s nothing that could inform our judges who the submission belongs to.

A few tips to ensure your paper is anonymous are to do a simple search for the following:

  • your surname 
  • the name of your university (and any abbreviations)
  • your student number 
  • your course code 
  • your lecturer/supervisor’s name or email

Also, make sure that the file is not named with your own name.

Submitting is as easy as checking these anonymity guidelines are met along with making sure you’re within the word count. Then all you have to do is upload your paper by completing the steps here and we’ll take care of the rest!

Trinity College Dublin team creates new cell language

Very exciting work happening over in Trinity College Dublin this week! Scientists working in Trinity’s School of Biochemistry and Immunology have made groundbreaking moves in a study which combines several different disciplines, including “linguistics, enzymology and mathematical modeling”.

In this recently published study, the group have revealed a new language written by them to gain more information about cells. The computer-based language will allow deciphering of the way in which proteins are modified by sugar molecules. It aids in understanding how cells can develop multiple glycoforms of the same protein, and has the potential to help in gaining more information about cancer cells, neurons, and immune cells, among others. This means that they could use it to get more data on how these cells change their surface glycosylation when there is a disease present.

Andrew McDonald, a team member who invented the language, said that their system “is capable of predicting the millions of possible glycoforms in the cell and also the control points that generate much of the complexity present in normal and cancerous cells”.

Funding for the study was provided by EU Marie Curie and Science Foundation Ireland to Professor Gavin Davey, an Associate Professor in Neuroscience at Trinity, and his team. Along with the published study, the group also launched an interactive web application called O-Glycologue which is a simulator of the enzymes of O-linked glycosylation. The app is available to the public through the Trinity College Dublin website.

Undergraduate Awards:

This is the type of research that is wonderful to see our partners engaging in and we’re proud to potentially link our undergraduate applicants with institutions where groundbreaking research is taking place. If you have any undergraduate research that’s you’re particularly proud of or are currently doing an interesting project, don’t forget to submit it to us here.

UA Highly Commended Entrant Awarded Uversity Scholarship

UA is delighted to announce that our 2015 Highly Commended Entrant, Laura Cummins, has been awarded a scholarship at Uversity. Laura has been award the Creative Impact Scholarship to enrol at Uversity’s 2016/17 Master of Arts in Creative Process.

As a partner of The Undergraduate Awards, Uversity was present at the UA Global Summit in November 2015 and met with the 2015 attendees at the UFair event where Partners of The Undergraduate Awards have the opportunity to be present at the event and meet the world’s top students face to face.

Laura was a perfect candidate for Uversity’s MA programme having achieved the UA award for her entry in the hugely competitive Music, Film, Theatre & Art History category.

A graduate of the University of Leeds in French and History of Art, Laura is the first UK participant in Uversity’s MA programme.

Laura will be joining a diverse group of international students at Uversity who will customise their academic and creative journeys to achieve personal and professional goals. During the course of the year, Uversity students choose courses offered by Uversity’s twenty-four partners, attend a core module, Creative Process and Immersive Practice, with their classmates and then complete a final project.   Uniquely, Uversity students are supported by a mentor who is an arts practitioner.  This ensures that Uversity students access additional opportunities to unlock their creative potential and career prospects.

Uversity is still accepting applications for the 2016/17 year. To find out more check out their latest video, visit their website at www.uveristy.org or attend the free Virtual Grad Fair on April 20th 2016 from 14:00 to 17:00 (GMT).   At the event you can chat with Uversity staff, Uversity students and graduates and mentors.

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Deadline Announced for 2016

Before you read on – register your place in the competition here. If you don’t have a paper to submit, you can come back to the UA Form later, but whatever you do register first.

Did you do it?

Really? (Register here)

Ok great, please read on…

The official Deadline for The Undergraduate Awards 2016 programme has been set for Tuesday 31st of May 2016. You have four months to the day to submit your best coursework to the UA programme. Submit work  you have already done to the programme and make your coursework go further.

Take a look at what last year’s Winners and our Affiliate & Partner Universities had to say about submitting to UA:

WHY Should I submit?

As a winner, you are recognised as one of the most impressive students in your field; you become part of a network of outstanding Winners of The Undergraduate Award from around the world; your winning paper is published in our academic journal, and you receive a ticket to the exclusive UA Global Summit in Dublin. Shortlisted students who are in the top 10% of all submissions are also recognised for their excellence, which can be a significant catalyst when pursuing further studies or your chosen career.

HOW do I apply?

If you would like to submit your work to The Undergraduate Awards you can do so here on the UA Form. If you are not ready to submit your work just yet, you can simply register your details on the UA Form and upload your paper at a later date. Once registered, your place will be saved until May 31st 2016.

WHO is UA for?

UA is open to all  graduates of 2015, 2016 and 2017 – that is all penultimate and final year students, as well as 2015 graduates, of all disciplines.

WHAT do I apply with?

Individual undergraduate coursework which received a II.1 or higher (A-grade).

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New Year, New… UA Office!

2016 has already kicked off with a bang for The Undergraduate Awards. The time has come to finally fly the nest, to leave the warm, comforting, bosom of Google HQ and set up on our own. We have moved into our very own office in Dublin city centre. We have been busy little bees starting up our new laptops, buying office essentials and generally learning how to fend for ourselves.

We are so excited to have our own space. The Undergraduate Awards has seen huge growth since we first started our international programme 2012 and with that our core team has grown to seven with an additional four around the time of the UA Global Summit in November.

Our very resourceful team managed to find a huge, cool space as well as free office furniture and appliances! Most importantly, we are very nearly, ready for our office party*!

A huge thank you to everyone who has helped us with our set-up, we would be office-less without you!

Take a look at our brand new space…

*more on this to follow.

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Our fabulous desks!

 

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Opening our new office presents: heaters and smoothie-makers!

 

We have TWO office kettles!

We have TWO fancy office kettles!

 

One of our kettles matches our toasters and they're PURPLE!

One of our kettles matches our toasters and they’re PURPLE! (Yes, that’s a smoothie-maker)

 

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Our office bike! (well…David’s bike in the office)

 

 

Our first team meeting while waiting for the wifi to be installed!

Our first team meeting while waiting for the wifi to be installed!

 

Our first team meeting in Brother Hubbard Cafe!

Our first team meeting in Brother Hubbard Cafe!

Irish Scientist wins Nobel Prize for Medicine at the Karolinska Institutet Ceremony in Stockholm

 

An Irish-born scientist has jointly won the 2015 Nobel Prize for medicine for work against parasitic diseases. Donegal native William Campbell and Japanese Satoshi Omura won half of the prize for discovering a new drug, Avermectin, that has helped the battle against river blindness and lymphatic filariasis, as well as showing effectiveness against other parasitic diseases.

Omura, a microbiologist, isolated new strains of a group of bacteria called Streptomyces, and successfully cultured them in the lab. Campbell’s role was to show that a component from one of Omura’s cultures was active against parasites – this became Avermectin.

Mr Campbell was born in Ramelton, Co Donegal in 1930 and is affiliated to Drew University, Madison, New Jersey, USA. He qualified from Trinity College Dublin with first class honours in zoology before being awarded a Fulbright Scholarship to the University of Wisconsin, where he completed a doctorate on liver fluke. He regularly returns to Ireland to visit family, and was given an honorary doctorate in science by Trinity in a 2012 conferring ceremony.

After Wisconsin, he moved to Merck research laboratories where he was elevated to the role of director of parasitology. It was there that he became involved in the development of the Avermectin drug which cures river blindness. Mr Campbell was an instrumental influencer behind the pharmaceutical firm’s decision to make the treatment freely available to people from 1987, and around 25 million people continue to be treated under this scheme every year. Campbell lectured on parasitology at New York Medical College for many years, was elected to the US National Academy of Science in 2002 and was awarded the American Society of Parasitology Distinguished Service award in 2008.

Last year, the prize went to British-American researcher John O’Keefe and a Norwegian couple, Edvard Moser and May-Britt Moser, for discovering the brain’s ”inner GPS” that helps people navigate. This year’s Nobel laureates will share the eight million Swedish kronor (HK$7.4 million).

 

The laureates received their prizes at a formal ceremony in Stockholm’s City Hall on December 10, the anniversary of the 1896 death of prize creator Alfred Nobel, a Swedish philanthropist and scientist. A separate ceremony is held for the peace prize on the same date in Oslo, which Nobel wanted to include in his initiative because Norway and Sweden were joined in a union when he created the prizes. The ceremony took place in front of 1,600 invited guests including the Swedish Royal Family, the Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Nobel Assembly of the Karolinska Institutet and the Nobel Laureates at Stockholm’s Concert Hall which was decorated for the occasion with 20,000 white, yellow and orange flowers donated. The flowers are donated every year by the Italian city of San Remo. The Swedish scientist and prize creator Alfred Nobel died there on December 10, 1896. The laureates received Nobel diplomas and gold medals from Sweden’s King Carl XVI Gustaf in a ceremony interspersed with classical music and presentations by the prize-awarding institutions.

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Tu Youyou of China won the other half of the award for her work in artemisinin, a drug based on ancient Chinese herbal medicine, the Nobel Assembly of Sweden’s Karolinska Institute said. She is the first Chinese woman national to win a Nobel Prize in science. The Nobel Jury stated that Tu won her award “for discoveries concerning a novel therapy against malaria”, which had significantly reduced the mortality rates of patients.  Tu received half of this year’s medicine prize of about U$$47.5 million. She received the Nobel medal, Nobel diploma and a document confirming a cash award.

Physics Prize: Takaaki Kajita from Japan and Arthur McDonald from Canada were awarded the physics prize for determining that neutrinos have mass, a key piece of the puzzle in understanding the cosmos.

Chemistry Prize: The chemistry prize was presented to Sweden’s Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich of the US and Aziz Sancar, a Turkish-American, for work on how cells repair damaged DNA.

Literature Prize: Belarussian writer and dissident Svetlana Alexievich was given the literature prize for her work chronicling the horrors of war and life under the repressive Soviet regime.

Economics Prize: Poverty expert Angus Deaton, a US-British microeconomist, took home the economics prize for groundbreaking work using household surveys to show how consumers, particularly the poor, decide what to buy and how policymakers can help them.

 

The Undergraduate Awards

Dubbed the ‘Junior Nobel Prize’ The Undergraduate Awards is the world’s largest academic awards programme, recognising excellent research and original work across the sciences, humanities, business and creative arts. If you would like to register to submit your work to this year’s competition you can do so here, we have 25 different categories.

 

 

 

Irish Research Council’s New Horizons Scheme Award Funding to Trinity Researchers

The Irish Research Council’s New Horizons scheme supports top-class researchers in Ireland’s higher education system to develop novel and excellent ideas and to build towards seeking further investment in those ideas from the EU’s Research and Innovation framework, Horizon2020. The scheme represents one of a number of measures implemented by the Council that contribute towards enabling Ireland to be successful within the European research sphere, and ultimately to reach our national target of winning €1.25billion of Horizon 2020 funding.

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Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme ever with nearly €80 billion of funding available over 7 years (2014 to 2020) – in addition to the private investment that this money will attract. It promises more breakthroughs, discoveries and world-firsts by taking great ideas from the lab to the market.

“This scheme will nurture outstanding talent and help to promote the development of a research community that is internationally competitive into the future,” stated Professor Jane Ohlmeyer, Chair of the Irish Research Council. “The potential for the awardees to go on and win further funding for Ireland through Horizon2020 is strong. The scale of European research funding is such that a single award from the European Research Council in the future for one of the successful awardees could outweigh the aggregate cost of all awards being announced today under New Horizons 2015. Given our ambitious target for Horizon2020, these modest investments in future research leaders make a lot of sense on many different levels.”

Speaking about the scheme, Minister English said that the funding will ‘provide opportunities for the Irish research community to maintain momentum in what is an incredibly competitive European research funding environment. This scheme taps into the incredible breadth and diversity of expertise in our institutions, and the funding will enable a set of exceptional researchers to carry forward their research and also help to establish a strong track record in interdisciplinary research.’

The winning research spans across various disciplines including Agriculture, Bio-based industry, Climate, Innovation, Security, Space and Transport. Three Trinity College Dublin researchers recently received awards under the Irish Research Council’s New Horizons scheme. Overall Trinity received 18% of more than €2m in competitive funding for 17 different research projects which were announced by Damien English, TD, Minister for Skills, Research & Innovation:

Associate Professor of Economics, Eleanor Denny’s research will explore developments in behavioural economics and information systems in her interdisciplinary project on efficient energy. Her data analytical research will ascertain whether providing customers with information on how much electrical appliances cost to run will encourage them to buy more energy efficient products.

Ussher Assistant Professor in Irish Writing, Tom Walker’s research, ‘Yeats and the Writing of Art’ examines the work of W.B. Yeats through the prism of nineteenth and twentieth-century art writing – encompassing the many textual forms through which art spectatorship and writing were combined during the period, ranging from aesthetic philosophy to art history to exhibition reviews to ekphrastic poems.

Assistant Professor in International Peace Studies and Intercultural Theology and Interreligious Studies, Carlo Aldrovandi’s research, ‘Transforming the Conflict over the Holy Land: An Engagement with Israeli Religious Zionism and its Sacred Values’ looks at the interface of international relations, religion, human rights and peace studies.

More information on Horizon 20/20 can be found here.

Trinity College Dublin is a partner of The Undergraduate Awards, the world’s largest, pan-discipline academic awards programme. UA has 25 different categories that are now open for submissions. You can submit your undergraduate research to UA by uploading your paper to the UA Form.  Please read the submission criteria before submitting.

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